Antimicrobial Activity of Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae)


  • B. Rachel Madhuri Sugandhi Department of Botany, Rayalaseema University Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • G. Meera Bai Department of Botany, Rayalaseema University Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.


Antibacterial activity, Mentha arvensis, Ethanolic extract


The present study has been designed with the objective to examine the ethanol extract of Mentha arvensis L. leaves (family Lamiaceae). In order to investigate its in-vitro antimicrobial potential against strains of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella flexneri, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. The ethanolic extract was found to be the most effective and showed antibacterial activity against the organisms tested. The zone of inhibition (mm) at various concentrations of ethanolic extract of Mentha arvensis was found in the range 0.3μg/ml – 10μg/ml on tested all the test organisms. The antibacterial activity was more significant against Staphylococcus aureus i.e. 20mm zonetion. The study revealed the ethanol extract of M. arvensis leaves against microbes.


Download data is not yet available.


Alves, T.M., Silva, A.F., Brandão, M., Grandi, T.S., Smânia, E., Smânia Júnior, A. & Zani, C.L. (2000). Biological screening of Brazilian medicinal plants. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, 95(3): 367–373.

Baslas, R.K. & Agarwal, R. (1980). Chemical Examination of Euphorbia hirta. In: Michler, E. & Reinhard, E. (eds.), Book of Abstracts II, International Research Congress on National Products as Medicinal Agents, Strasbourg, France. pp. 25.

Blanc, P. & De Saqui-Sannes, G. (1972). Flavonoids of Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae). Plantes Medicinales et Phytotherapie, 6: 106-109.

Carson, C.F. & Riley, T.V. (1995). Antimicrobial activity of the major components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia. J. Appl. Bacteriol., 78(3): 264–269.

Dapkevicius, A., Venskutonis, R., van Beek, T.A. & Linssen, J.P.H. (1998). Antioxidant activity of extracts obtained by different isolation procedures from some aromatic herbs grown in Lithuania. J. Sci. Food Agric., 77(1): 140–146.<140::AID-JSFA18>3.0.CO;2-K.

Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1982). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 7. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. pp. 947.

Fabricant, D.S. & Farnsworth, N.R. (2001). The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery. Environ. Health Perspect., 109: 69–75.

Kambu, K., Di Phanzu, N., Coune, C., Wauters, J.N. & Angenot, L. (1982). Contribution à l'étude des propriétés insecticides et chimiques d'Eucalyptus saligna du Zaïre. Plantes Médicinales et Phytothérapie, 16: 34-38.

Lis-Balchin, M. & Deans, S.G. (1997). Bioactivity of selected plant essential oils against Listeria monocytogenes. J. Appl. Microbiol., 82(6): 759–762.

Nascimento, G.G.F., Locatelli, J., Freitas, P.C. & Silva, G.L. (2000). Antibacterial activity of plant extracts and phytochemicals on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Braz. J. Microbiol., 31: 247–256.

Oloke, J.K., Kolawole, D.O. & Erhun, W.O. (1988). The Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Certain Components of Aframomum melegueta, Roscoe fruits. Fitoterapia, 59: 384-388.

Reynolds, J.E.F. (1996). Martindale: The extra pharmacopoeia. 31st ed., London: Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

Ríos, J.L. & Recio, M.C. (2005). Medicinal plants and antimicrobial activity. J. Ethnopharmacol., 100: 80–84.

Rios, J.L., Recio, M.C. & Villar, A. (1988). Screening methods for natural products with antimicrobial activity: A review of the literature. J. Ethnopharmacol., 23(2): 127–149.

Santos, P.R.V., Oliveria, A.C.X. & Tomassini, T.C.B. (1995). Controls Microbiological Products Fitoterapices. Revista de Farmácia e Bioquímica, 31: 35-38.

Sofowora, A. (1982). Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Wang, M., Li, J., Rangarajan, M., Shao, Y., LaVoie, E.J., Huang, T.C. & Ho, C.T. (1998). Antioxidative Phenolic Compounds from Sage (Salvia officinalis). J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12): 4869–4873.

Yoshida, T., Namba, O., Chen, L. & Okuda, T. (1990). Euphorbin E, A Hydrolyzable Tannin Dimer of Highly Oxidized Structure, from Euphorbia hitra. Chem. Pharm. Bull., 38(4): 1113–1115.


Abstract views: 39 / PDF downloads: 14



How to Cite

Sugandhi, B. R. M., & Bai, G. M. (2011). Antimicrobial Activity of Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae). Advances in BioScience, 2(1), 8–11. Retrieved from