A study on a sulfur spring (Ain Al Kibrit) ecosystem along Tigris River Mosul, Iraq


  • Yousif J. Al-Shahri College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.
  • Bahram K. Maulood Hawler Botanical Garden, Hawler, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
  • Janan J. Toma College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Hawler, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.


Temperature, pH, Electrical conductivity, Alkalinity, Total hardness, Sulfate, Phytoplankton


Ain Al Kibrit sulfur spring along Tigris River in contrast with two other stations, before and after the input to the Tigris River were studied. Some chemical, physical parameters (water temperature, pH, EC, alkalinity, total hardness, and sulfate) and total number of phytoplankton were studied during 2003-2004. Samples were taken from the spring, inlet, and outlet along the Tigris River. The results show 5-20 fold differences between stations in almost all parameters, whereas, thermostatic conditions were confirmed in Ain Al Kibrit (24±1). In contrast, the total number of phytoplankton when observed to be fifty folds less in Ain Al Kibrit. This study may be regarded as a first attempt to deal with such factors in this area.


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How to Cite

Al-Shahri, Y. J., Maulood, B. K., & Toma, J. J. (2016). A study on a sulfur spring (Ain Al Kibrit) ecosystem along Tigris River Mosul, Iraq. Advances in BioScience, 7(1), 8–13. Retrieved from https://journals.sospublication.co.in/ab/article/view/200